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Where did the Twelve Steps come from?
A.A. was founded in 1935 at Akron, Ohio, as the result of a meeting between Dr. Bob S., an Akron surgeon, and Bill W., a New York stockbroker. Both were hopeless alcoholics. Before that time, Dr. Bob and Bill had working with the Oxford Group, a nonalcoholic fellowship that focused on universal spiritual values in daily living. Through this spiritual influence, and with the help of a friend, Ebby T., Bill had been sober and maintained his recovery by working with other alcoholics, although none of them had actually recovered from alcoholism.
We admitted we were powerless over alcohol — that our lives had become unmanageable.
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